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Suelos, fundaciones y muros: descubre los secretos de la mecánica de suelos, cimentaciones y muros con el libro de Maria Graciela Fratelli


Suelos, fundaciones y muros de Maria Graciela Fratelli: A comprehensive guide for civil engineering students and professionals




If you are interested in learning more about soil mechanics, foundation engineering, and wall engineering, you might want to check out the book Suelos, fundaciones y muros by Maria Graciela Fratelli. This book is a comprehensive and practical reference for civil engineering students and professionals who want to master the theory and practice of these fields. In this article, we will give you an overview of what the book is about, who the author is, why the book is important, and what topics are covered in the book.




suelos fundaciones y muros de maria graciela fratelli pdf



Introduction




What is the book about?




Suelos, fundaciones y muros (which translates to Soils, foundations and walls) is a book that covers the fundamentals and applications of soil mechanics, foundation engineering, and wall engineering. The book is divided into three parts: soil behavior and exploration, foundation design and construction, and wall design and construction. Each part consists of several chapters that explain the concepts, principles, methods, and examples related to each topic. The book also includes numerous figures, tables, charts, formulas, problems, and solutions that illustrate and facilitate the understanding of the material.


Who is the author?




The author of the book is Maria Graciela Fratelli, a Venezuelan civil engineer who has more than 40 years of experience in teaching and consulting in geotechnical engineering. She is a professor at the Central University of Venezuela (UCV) and the Simón Bolívar University (USB), where she has taught courses on soil mechanics, foundation engineering, wall engineering, slope stability, geosynthetics, pavement design, and geotechnical investigation. She is also a member of several national and international associations related to geotechnical engineering, such as the Venezuelan Society of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering (SVMSIF), the International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ISSMGE), the International Geosynthetics Society (IGS), and the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE).


Why is the book important?




The book is important because it provides a comprehensive and updated source of information on soil mechanics, foundation engineering, and wall engineering. These fields are essential for civil engineering projects that involve earthworks, structures, infrastructures, transportation systems, environmental protection, natural hazards mitigation, etc. The book also reflects the author's extensive experience in teaching and consulting in geotechnical engineering, which makes it suitable for both academic and professional purposes. The book is written in Spanish, which makes it accessible for Spanish-speaking readers who want to learn more about these topics.


Main topics covered in the book




Soil behavior and exploration




Soil classification and identification




The first chapter of this part introduces the basic concepts of soil mechanics, such as soil phases, soil composition, soil structure, soil texture, soil consistency, and soil water. The second chapter explains how to classify soils according to their physical properties, such as grain size, plasticity, and organic content. The third chapter describes how to identify soils in the field using visual-manual methods, such as color, shape, hardness, moisture, and odor.


Soil properties and tests




The fourth chapter discusses the main mechanical properties of soils, such as density, porosity, void ratio, specific gravity, and unit weight. The fifth chapter covers the main hydraulic properties of soils, such as permeability, seepage, capillarity, and effective stress. The sixth chapter presents the main strength properties of soils, such as shear strength, friction angle, cohesion, and stress-strain behavior. The seventh chapter explains how to measure these properties using laboratory tests, such as compaction test, consolidation test, direct shear test, triaxial test, and unconfined compression test.


Soil improvement methods




The eighth chapter introduces the concept of soil improvement, which is the modification of soil properties or behavior to enhance its performance for a specific purpose. The ninth chapter describes some of the common methods of soil improvement, such as compaction, drainage, grouting, reinforcement, stabilization, and preloading.


Foundation design and construction




Types of foundations and their applications




The first chapter of this part defines what a foundation is and what its functions are. The second chapter explains how to select an appropriate type of foundation based on factors such as soil conditions, load characteristics, structural requirements, economic considerations, and environmental impacts. The third chapter describes some of the common types of foundations and their applications such as shallow foundations (e.g., strip footings pad footings mat foundations) deep foundations (e.g., piles piers caissons) and special foundations (e.g., raft foundations combined foundations floating foundations).


Bearing capacity and settlement analysis




The fourth chapter discusses how to determine the bearing capacity of a foundation which is the maximum load that it can support without failure. The fifth chapter covers how to estimate the settlement of a foundation which is the vertical displacement that it undergoes due to applied loads. The sixth chapter explains how to design a foundation based on these parameters using methods such as limit equilibrium analysis elastic analysis empirical formulas and numerical models.


Foundation reinforcement and protection




The seventh chapter introduces some of the common problems that can affect foundations such as differential settlement liquefaction scouring erosion and corrosion. The eighth chapter describes some of the common solutions that can be used to reinforce or protect foundations such as underpinning jacking grouting anchoring and coating.


Wall design and construction




Types of walls and their functions




The first chapter of this part defines what a wall is and what its functions are. The second chapter explains how to select an appropriate type of wall based on factors such as soil conditions load characteristics structural requirements aesthetic considerations and environmental impacts. The third chapter describes some of the common types of walls and their functions such as retaining walls (e.g., gravity walls cantilever walls counterfort walls) sheet pile walls (e.g., steel sheet piles concrete sheet piles vinyl sheet piles) diaphragm walls (e.g., slurry walls soil-cement walls) and gabion walls.


Wall stability and failure modes




The fourth chapter discusses how to analyze the stability of a wall which is its ability to resist external forces without collapse. The fifth chapter covers how to identify the possible failure modes of a wall which are the mechanisms by which it can fail such as sliding failure overturning failure bearing failure global failure local failure buckling failure rupture failure etc. The sixth chapter explains how to design a wall based on these parameters using methods such as limit equilibrium analysis elastic analysis empirical formulas and numerical models.


Wall reinforcement and drainage




The seventh chapter introduces some of the common problems that can affect walls such as excessive deformation cracking seepage piping erosion etc. The eighth chapter describes some of the common solutions that can be used to reinforce or drain walls such as tiebacks anchors nails geosynthetics weep holes filters etc.


Conclusion




Summary of the main points




In conclusion, Suelos, fundaciones y muros by Maria Graciela Fratelli is a comprehensive and practical guide for civil engineering students and professionals who want to learn more about soil mechanics, foundation engineering, and wall engineering. The book covers the fundamentals and applications of these fields, with numerous examples, problems, and solutions. The book is written in Spanish, which makes it accessible for Spanish-speaking readers who want to master these topics.


Recommendations for further reading




If you want to learn more about soil mechanics, foundation engineering, and wall engineering, you might want to check out some of these books:



  • Principles of Geotechnical Engineering by Braja M. Das and Khaled Sobhan: This book provides a clear and concise introduction to the basic concepts and principles of geotechnical engineering, with emphasis on engineering applications.



  • Foundation Engineering Handbook by Robert W. Day: This book covers the design, construction, and performance of various types of foundations, with practical examples and case studies.



  • Design of Reinforced Concrete Walls by ACI Committee 318: This book provides the requirements and recommendations for the design of reinforced concrete walls for buildings and other structures.



FAQs





  • What is the format of the book?



The book is available in PDF format, which can be downloaded from the website of the author or from online platforms such as Academia.edu.


  • How many pages does the book have?



The book has 570 pages, divided into three parts and 24 chapters.


  • Who is the target audience of the book?



The book is intended for civil engineering students and professionals who want to learn more about soil mechanics, foundation engineering, and wall engineering.


  • What are the main benefits of reading the book?



The main benefits of reading the book are:


  • You will gain a comprehensive and updated knowledge of soil mechanics, foundation engineering, and wall engineering.



  • You will be able to apply the theory and practice of these fields to your civil engineering projects.



  • You will be able to solve problems and challenges related to these fields using various methods and tools.



  • How can I contact the author of the book?



You can contact the author of the book by sending an email to mgfratelli@ucv.ve or mgfratelli@usb.ve.



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